Contributed by Anders Persson, a HEPEX guest columnist for 2014
In two weeks’ time, Thursday 9 October, I will lecture under the title “Advice to a young student who wants to make a career in the mathematical sciences” at the European Meteorological Society conference in Prague. In my presentation, I have listed 10 good advices for students who are considering a career in science:
- Choose the science or scientific topic from what you like or are good at – often the same thing – and not from what is “in”.
- Interesting discoveries are often made in the intersections between different disciplines, where nobody normally ventures.
- You might get some good ideas from reading very old journals or books, or while clarifying to yourself why they are wrong.
- Good science is often counter intuitive. That is why the most difficult part is not the mathematics but what the mathematics mean.
- The same process can often be described by different types of mathematics – choose the one you like best or find most appropriate.
- Never give up on an idea just because “everybody” is against it, only when you realized that you have been wrong – and start seeing new frontiers open up.
- Do not be afraid to ask “stupid” questions, you will learn a lot and also make you realize who among your colleagues you can rely on.
- By taking a controversial attitude or play the devil’s advocate you will avoid the common pitfall of only considering facts that seem to support your hypothesis.
- The world is full of numbers, both inside and outside science. So learn statistics, it is as important as the ability to read, write and count (H.G.Wells).
- Halfway through your career read about the history of science. It will tell you that the confusion and chaos you experience every day has been there from the start!
However, I left out the 11th advice: Be on your guard for flattery and evade “sugar-coated bullets”. To be a good scientist you must risk being unpopular! To live by this rule, there are a few guidelines:
- Do not yield to psychological pressure: When you pursue a scientific ambition, you are not always met with factual counter-arguments, in particular if your ideas are controversial and will ruffle some peoples’ feathers. If colleagues, rightly or wrongly, feel threatened they might resort to personal attacks; that you are “mad”, “difficult to work with” and “don’t respect other people’s opinions”.
They may be right; but even if they aren’t, the mere fact that they feel threatened will make them interpret whatever you say in a hostile way. I do not blame them; I would react in the same way in case a nice looking and polished person smoothly suggested that meteorologists’ and hydrologists’ salaries should be cut by 50%. He will look evil to me! For the same reason, your colleagues will only find you “nice” if you admit that you have abandoned your challenging scientific ideas.
- Do not apply for managerial posts: Bosses are always and everywhere on the lookout for candidates for different managerial posts. But when I, as a young meteorologist, looked around in my organisation I saw a lot of potentially good scientists rot away at different posts as Heads of this or that section. Of course, there were (and there are) exceptions, really good managers who also were (are) good scientists. But being a good scientist does not automatically qualify for being a good manager.
To escape this fate, it is not enough to avoid applying for different managerial posts. Your bosses will encourage you to apply, and if you don’t they will be disappointed and you’re in trouble. The solution, according to the famous “Peters Principle” (the French version is better than the English), is to make yourself “sufficiently underestimated” so nobody would ever suggest you for an administrative post. So for example, even if you are a very conscientious person, mess around with your papers on the desk!
- Avoid the corruption by friendship: At SMHI I had some very good friends among the modellers and the forecasters. But this friendship, I noted, sometimes fenced me in scientifically. It was not always possible to have a factual discussion over the coffee table with modeller friends whether, as they claimed, “in 5-10 years’ time” there would be no need of any weather forecasters, or with the weather forecaster friends about the advantages of, after all, installing computer terminals in the forecast room. Doing so would challenge their communal social adhesive, the cultural glue that kept these groups together. It would demonstrate that I was not “one of them”, could not be “trusted” and thus put our friendship at risk.
To sum up: Not yielding to psychological group pressure, career temptations, warm friendships and “sugar-coated-bullets” might be necessary to develop oneself scientifically. Luckily, outside science, theses rules do not apply!