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Category: seasonal prediction

New water modelling to improve irrigation outlook accuracy

New water modelling to improve irrigation outlook accuracy

Contributed by Yating Tang1, Catherine Norwood2, Q J Wang1, Guy Ortlipp3, Mark Bailey3, and Kirsti Hakala1. Goulburn-Murray Water (GMW), Australia’s largest rural water corporation, has teamed up with researchers from the University of Melbourne to improve water forecasting in northern Victoria, to help irrigators with their business planning, cropping and water trading decisions. GMW is responsible for providing water availability information to local irrigators and other water users during the irrigation season each year. GMW provides two types of information…

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Can seasonal hydroclimate services be a success story for local applications? Some answers based on a French case study!

Can seasonal hydroclimate services be a success story for local applications? Some answers based on a French case study!

Contributed by Louise Crochemore (SMHI), Ilias Pechlivanidis (SMHI) and Maria-Helena Ramos (INRAE). Hydroclimate services are increasingly available… An increasing number of hydroclimate services provide readily available water predictions to users at the catchment scale. For example, in Europe: Local to global services based on products from the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S) have been developed for the hydropower, water resources, flood risk prevention and agriculture sectors within the H2020 CLARA project. The H2020 S2S4E project has co-developed a decision support…

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GloFAS-ERA5 reanalysis: River discharge ‘maps without gaps’ from 1979-present

GloFAS-ERA5 reanalysis: River discharge ‘maps without gaps’ from 1979-present

Contributed by Shaun Harrigan, ECMWF. In an ideal world we would have river discharge measurements for every river spanning many decades and updated in real time. We all know this is very far from reality with severe gaps in the global observing network (Lavers et al., 2019), and provides a fundamental challenge for hydrological monitoring and forecasting. A way forward pioneered in the field of meteorology and climate is to optimally combine available in situ and satellite Earth system observations…

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Can we foresee drought and its impacts?

Can we foresee drought and its impacts?

Contributed by Samuel J. Sutanto and Henny A.J. Van Lanen; Hydrology and Quantitative Water Management Group, Wageningen University, the Netherlands. The 2018 and 2019 droughts are still fresh in our memory, when extended areas in Europe suffered, once more, from extreme drought. Climate projection studies show that drought very likely will become more frequent. Similar to the 2015 drought (Van Lanen et al., 2016), impacts of the 2018 drought in Europe were tremendous and affected many sectors. For example, farmers…

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Is One Forecast Model Better Than Another?

Is One Forecast Model Better Than Another?

Blog post contributed by: Tim DelSole* The Sign Test Is one forecast model better than another? A natural approach to answering this question is to run a set of forecasts with each model and then see which set has more skill. This comparison requires a statistical test to ensure that the estimated difference represents a real difference in skill, rather than a random sampling error. Unfortunately, there are three problems with using standard difference tests: they have low statistical power,…

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